While computers are now an important part of people's lives, there was a time when the computer is not available. The knowledge of the history of computers and how much progress has been made can help you understand how complex and truly innovative in the creation of computers.
Unlike most devices, the computer is one of the few inventions that are not assigned a specific inventor. During the development of the computer have a lot of people their creations to the additionalList needed to work a computer. Some of the inventions were different types of computers, and some of them were needed parts that allows computers to be developed further.
Perhaps the most important date in the history of computers is the year 1936. It was in this year that the first "computer" was developed. It was created by Konrad Zuse and called the Z1 computer. This calculator is the first, as it was the first system, fully programmable.There have been prior devices, but none had the computing power that distinguishes it from other electronics.
It was not until 1942 that any business saw profit and opportunity in computers. The first company was called ABC computers, owned by John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry operated. Two years later, the Harvard Mark I computer was developed, the promotion of science in computer science.
Over the next few years, inventors all over the world began, more in the searchStudy of computers, and how to improve on them. The next ten years, say that the introduction of the transistor, which would be an essential part of the inner workings of the computer, the ENIAC 1 computer, as well as many other types of systems. The ENIAC 1 is perhaps one of the most interesting, since it required 20,000 vacuum tubes to operate at. It was a massive machine, and began the revolution to build smaller and faster computer.
The age of computers was forever by changing theIntroduction of International Business Machines, or IBM in the IT industry in 1953. This company, over the history of the computer is a major player in the development of new systems and servers for the public and private use is. This introduction brought the first signs of real competition in the history of the computer, the faster and better development of computers track helped. Their first contribution was the IBM 701 computer EPDM.
A Programming LanguageDeveloped
A year later, was the first successful high level programming language was created. This was a programming language that is not in "writing assembly 'or binary, the very low level languages. FORTRAN was written so that more people could begin to program computers easily.
The year 1955 saw the Bank of America, coupled with the Stanford Research Institute and General Electric, the creation of the first computers for use in banks. The MICR or Magnetic Ink CharacterRecognition, coupled with the actual computer, the ERMA, was a breakthrough for the banking sector. It was not until 1959 that the two systems were put into use in the banks.
During 1958, occurred one of the most important breakthroughs in the history of the computer, the creation of the integrated circuit. This device, which is also known as Chip, one of the basic requirements of a modern computerized systems. On every motherboard and card in a computer system are many chips that containInformation on what the boards and cards. Without these chips, the systems, as we know it today may not work.
Gaming, Mice, and the Internet
For many computer users now, games are an important part of the computing experience. 1962 saw the creation of the first computer game that was created by Steve Russel and MIT, who was baptized Spacewar.
The mouse, one of the essential components of modern computers, was created in 1964 by Douglas Engelbart. It got its name from"Tail" consisting of the device.
One of the most important aspects of today's computer was invented in 1969th ARPA-net was the original Internet, which are the basis for the Internet we know today made available. This development would be in the development of knowledge and business across the entire planet.
It was not until 1970 that Intel into the scene with the first dynamic RAM chip, which resulted in an explosion of computer science innovation.
On the heels of theRAM chip was the first microprocessor, which was also developed by Intel. These two components, developed in addition to the chip in 1958, would rank among the core components of modern computers.
A year later, the disk was created, gaining its name from the flexibility of the storage unit. This was the first step in allowing most people to transfer into unrelated pieces of data between computers.
The first network was created in 1973 and allows data transfer betweenconnected computer. This is similar to the Internet, but allows the computer without using the Internet in order to invite.
Budget PC's Emerge
The next three years were very important for computers. This is when the company started to develop systems for the average consumer. The Scelbi, Mark-8 Altair, IBM 5100, Apple I and II, TRS-80 and the Commodore Pet computers were the pioneers in this field. While expensive, these machines started the trend for computers within commonHouseholds.
One of the most breath Rough in computer software came in 1978 with the release of the VisiCalc spreadsheet program. All development costs were paid within two weeks time, this is one of the most successful programs in the history of the computer.
1979 was perhaps one of the most important years for the home computer user. This is the year that WordStar, the first word processor was released to the public for sale. This dramaticallychanges the value of computers for the average user.
The IBM Home computer quickly helped revolutionize the consumer market in 1981, as it affordable for home owners and standard consumer. 1981 also saw the mega-giant Microsoft enter the scene with the MS-DOS operating system. This operating system completely changed computing forever, as it was easy enough to learn for all.
The competition begins: Apple against Microsoft
Computers saw yet another significant changeIn the course of 1983. The Apple Lisa was the first computer with a graphical user interface or a GUI. Most modern programs contain a graphical interface that will allow them to use, easy to use and easy on the eyes. This marked the beginning of the dating of most text based only programs.
About this point in the history of the computer, many modifications and changes have occurred, is from the Apple-Microsoft wars, to the development of microcomputers and a variety of computer breakthroughs that have become anaccepted part of our daily life. Without the first steps of the first computer history, nothing like this would have been possible.